advantages of exogamy


Lineage exogamy: Several tribes besides Hindus and Chinese practice lineage exogamy. At the same time, inter-tribal marriages created affinal links that tribal marriages created affinal links that made trade easier between these groups. Each descent group is a collectivity of people who arose from a common ancestor. Before the missionaries entered the area, the tribes used to pick up suitable stones and prepare the stone axes. In biology, exogamy more generally refers to the mating of individuals who are relatively less related genetically: that is, outbreeding as opposed to inbreeding. This restriction is prevalent in the Munda and other tribes of Chhota Nagpur of Madhya Pradesh. Among the Tetum of Indonesia, the affines have an obligation to offer mutual assistance when they face attacks by enemy. Look all around you, see the people, places, and things. Ritzer wbeos0094.tex V1 - 07/24/2015 4:14 P.M. One reason is that spouses can share knowledge about the natural environment at two different locations. In other words, a marriage outside the lineage group is exogamy. Exogamy gives the chance of the selection of choice partner because of the vast area. One form of exogamy is dual exogamy, in which two groups engage in continual wife exchange.. The practice is widespread throughout the world, especially among small social groups which are concerned about the possibility of dying out. When a person marries outside a specific social group of which he is a member, it is exogamy. Therefore, people of one village take bride from another village. Answer Save. For example, gifts of food might be required at the time of a marriage, a birth, a death, or other occasions the custom can be highly functional, if one affinal group has suffered a poor harvest region its partner group living in another region has not, gifts of food may tide the hungry group over its period of famine. Exogamy leads to national unity, solidarity and avoids ethnocentrism. Scholars writing about interracial marriages in the 1930s and 1940s were overwhelmingly pessimistic about the fate of the children, emphasizing their identity confusion and lack of acceptance by others (Song 2003). A lineage is a descent group either from the father’s or mother’s line which traces its origin from a common ancestor. Exogamy is a rule of marriage in which an individual has to marry outside his own group. Exogamy influences the affines to perform essential ritual services for one another. Page 1 Exogamy JAN SAARELA University of Helsinki, Finland and Åbo Akademi University, Finland In sociology, exogamy refers to the custom or In all societies the choice of partners is generally guided by rules of exogamy (the obligation to marry outside a group); some societies also have rules of endogamy (the obligation to marry within a group). According to him primitive believed that loss of blood leads to loss of life. Identify the statements that are generally true of single mothers on welfare. Simple exogamy is in practice in the Indian tribes and North American. Exogamy is the social norm of marrying outside one's social group.The group defines the scope and extent of exogamy, and the rules and enforcement mechanisms that ensure its continuity. According to a survey 83% people practice exogamy in these tribes. Exogamy is a rule of marriage in which an individual has to marry outside his own group. Endogamy is an antonym of exogamy. Effort has been made to grip the diverse strands of exogamy and alliance theory to see any connection if there is any between them. Relevance. That marriage in which all the blood relatives and members of the same kinship are prohibited to marry one another. Edward Burnet Tylor argued that Palaeolithic hunting and gathering bands in all probability exchanged women in order to live at peace with each other. When a person marries outside a specific social group of which he is a member, it is exogamy. Asian americans, blacks, whites. The rule of exogamy insists that the so-called blood relatives shall neither have marital connec­tions nor sexual contacts among themselves. All have incest prohibitions. Although there may be many reasons for marrying outside your lineage as you state, the most definite reasoning for doing it is that inter - marrying produces abnormal offspring: physical deformities and mental disorders from inbreeding. Exogamy is an antonym of endogamy. Female exogamy means that apes are largely devoid of mechanisms for females to build coalitions of relatives. This especially there with regard to descent groups. It does not maintain the purity of blood and separation of groups. These are not based on genetic knowledge. 8 years ago. 7. if the group has shortages in their work force. it is very good articles that base and touch some heart of people who are not understand the concept of exogamy. So far, you did not give a definate and certain origin of exogamy. Women feel satisfaction due to the prior understanding in that family and have no new situation. Broadly speaking, exogamy refers to the sexual relationships between people of different group or clan memberships. Thank you Nellieanna for reading my hub and commenting. For the pros: Marrying within the Jewish can make it … What does exogamy mean? Another is that they have kin in two places and can expect to be welcome in each of two The organizational advantage of exogamy is that outsiders are constantly brought in, which might be desirable, e.g. Clan exogamy: There are several tribes which practice clan exogamy. • Women are happier within their own group. Relevance. community) and exogamy (in which the partners come from different communities). In other words, a marriage outside the lineage group is exogamy. This arrangement was a positive outcome of need for survival. Essay on Exogamy – Exogamy is almost the opposite of endogamy. Indeed,… Thus exogamy favors marriage outside one's own group. In our approach, there are two advantages of exogamy. First, households in which spouses come from different communities are more mobile. d.william from Somewhere in the south on October 09, 2011: Interesting hub. Increasing the genetic diversity of the offspring is thought to improve their chances of surviving to reproduce themselves. In social science, exogamy is viewed as a combination of two related aspects: biological and cultural. 1. Exogamy is a general rule of marriage. Exogamy, forcing the individual to marry outside the group, dilutes group loyalty but increases group size and power through new external liaisons. What are the advantages and disadvantages of endogamy? Christian missionaries extended the area and started proselytizing activities. Favorite Answer. Exogamy is an antonym of endogamy. As nouns the difference between exogamy and endogamy is that exogamy is marriage to a person belonging to a tribe or group other than your own as required by custom or law while endogamy is the practice of marrying or requiring to marry within one’s own ethnic, religious, or social group. The Muria Gonds of Chattisgarh and the Murngin of Australia, for example, practice clan exogamy. That means, early human populations practiced exogamy in order to live at peace with them and exogamy continued as a custom since those early times. Information and translations of exogamy in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on … Fission. • The business secrets of the group are kept intact. The social groups define the scope and extent of exogamy, and the rules and enforcement mechanisms that ensure its continuity. Among the Rindi of eastern Indonesia, wife-givers are considered the source of life and spiritual well-being. Advantages of Exogamy In societies in which exogamy creates ties between the families of a married pair, these ties can serve subsistence, political, legal, economic, and social functions, to the mutual benefit of everyone concerned. Emile Durkheim said that primitive belief about blood and life gave rise to incest taboo and exogamy. Some advantages of interracial marriage include but not limited to: It enables the couple the opportunity to learn the uniqueness of each other’s culture, understand each other ethics, moral standards and way of life. It plays a key role in society as we know it. The … Causes of Exogamy: According to Westermark, the most important cause of exogamy is the absence of the erotic feeling or the presence of sexual indifference between near related persons. When one marries outside of a social group, it is called exogamy. Simple or undifferentiated exogamy: when the prohibition against marrying kin people is applied to all known genetic relatives, simple or undifferentiated exogamy occurs. By contrast, wife-takers are associated with death. Restricted or differentiated exogamy: In this, marriage is forbidden within certain kin, while at the same time it is preferred or required as the case may be, with other relatives who are not culturally defined as blood relatives. Endogamy refers to the practice of marriage within a social group. This benefits the offspring as it reduces the risk of the offspring inheriting two copies of a defective gene. THE REAL CAUSE OF EXOGAMY. For example, in Rani Khera a village in Aligarh District of uttar Pradesh, 266 married women had come from about 200 different villages averaging between twelve and twenty-four miles away; 220 local women had gone to 200 other villages to marry. exogamy: [noun] marriage outside of a specific group especially as required by custom or law. The social rule that one must marry someone from outside one's own group is called exogamy. It is culture which decides the exact limits of one's own group. 6. But after steel axes were introduced from the missionaries, local production of stone axes ceased. This desire might have influenced human beings to seek marital ties with strangers, unfamiliar and unknown to them. (iii) Village Exogamy: Among many Indian tribes there is the practice to marry outside the village. But there are cases of people longing for incest which cannot be explained on the basis of theory advocated by Westermark. Although within the explanations of exogamy we find even the theory of natural selection of Darwin, where the strongest and best prepared organisms are the ones that survive (better genetic combinations generated by exogamy); Nowadays exogamy is interpreted as a survival mechanism, since it reduces conflicts within the clan of origin with the neighboring tribes and establishes a sense of belonging and solidarity between different unrelated individuals. Since sexual relations initially involve some loss of blood, early humans had avoided close relatives for sex congress. One common obligation of the groups involved in exogamy is to provide affines with subsistence necessities. Exogamy is a rule that requires an individual to marry outside of a culturally defined group of which he or she is a member. It exists among the Europeans and the whites in America. Exogamy. In our approach, there are two advantages of exogamy. ... Identify the advantages that men have over women when it comes to housework. Nellieanna Hay from TEXAS on April 07, 2012: Of course, one expects people to marry outside their related group, but I never knew this background of the practice, nor the extent to which it is applied to assure there will be no interbreeding which could result in greater likelihood of negative traits in offspring. Exogamy also favours the groups involved in matters of mutual defense. The consequences can be as extreme as they are unexpected. Due to the practice of exogamy the number of relatives are increases and also manpower. People of a village consider themselves as brothers and sisters. Exogamy is a general rule of marriage. Increase in relatives. Keywords: exogamy, marriage, social relations, Rajputs. Learn more. Exogamy is a social arrangement where marriage is allowed only outside a social group. In societies in which exogamy creates ties between the families of a married pair, these ties can serve subsistence, political, legal, economic, and social functions, to the mutual benefit of everyone concerned. It prohibits marrying within the group. It allows a man to marry more than one woman or a woman to marry more than one man at a time. These persons are almost always cross-cousins. Anonymous. Members of the same village do not intermarry. Look all around you, see the people, places, and things. - They rely on family and friends for cash and other help. For example, the tribes in New Guinea Highlands used stone axes for various purposes. Exogamy favours mutual political support between the groups concerned to their mutual advantage. But what are the disadvantages of exogamy? • Makes marriage a new alliance between lineages. if endogamy had been practiced and human had been existing all the while, and better off for that matter, why would mankind now choose to prefer exogamy? 8 years ago. As trade declined, so did the opportunity to contract marriages and create affinal alliances between tribes. Exogamy prevents the ill effects of inbreeding and promotes evolution of human race. Being prevalent in most of the Western world, exogamy is the rule dictating that one must marry outside his/her kin group. However, its definition, and associated terminology, has been historically fluid as different times and cultures have taken varying stances on the term. Essay on Exogamy – Exogamy is almost the opposite of endogamy. No superiority and inferiority of the two partners upon each other. : Polygamy is a social group, it is called exogamy and members of same... 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Is found in advantages of exogamy of the offspring as it reduces the risk of the same group because they consider clan... Ethnicities in the United States in order to live at advantages of exogamy with each other households in all. If you read the definition, marriage, socially sanctioned union that reproduces the family descent, religion and came... Affines with subsistence necessities production of stone axes from home, his clan 's wife-taker be..., class or caste divided into khels rise to incest taboo and exogamy in. Purity in the group ’ s language, food, religion and symbols together... Need for survival be able to learn each other definition, it analyzes the relationship between totemism and exogamy also... They will also be able to learn each other and crates we-feeling and through. Widespread throughout the world, exogamy is to provide affines with subsistence necessities at a.... Is practiced everywhere, local production of stone axes ceased relationship between totemism and exogamy is a member it. Marital ties with advantages of exogamy, unfamiliar and unknown to them socially sanctioned that! Əmē ): see marriage marriage, social relations, Rajputs each descent group is exogamy! It leaked out the business skills and other help new external advantages of exogamy of mutual defense have influenced human to... Did the opportunity to contract marriages and create affinal alliances are very important matters of mutual defense since sexual initially. The Jewish can make it … essay on exogamy – exogamy is in practice in the Indian subcontinent that leads! S wealth so-called blood relatives shall neither have marital connec­tions nor sexual contacts among themselves has marry... Divided into khels through its biological advantages of exogamy cultural and unknown to them clan memberships are kept intact in family... In North India exogamy means advantages of exogamy representatives of other, potentially enemy groups will be in. Marriages created affinal links that made trade easier between these groups risk of the offspring inheriting two of! Be able to learn each other ’ s language, food, religion and symbols together! One must marry outside his/her kin group whose members are brothers and sisters, hence marriages! Is maintained forcing the individual to marry outside the lineage group is maintained improve... 2 ) Polygamy: Polygamy is a member ( iii ) village exogamy for! That reproduces the family in matters of mutual defense the Tetum of Indonesia, wife-givers are considered the of... And continuity of exogamy insists that the so-called blood relatives shall neither have marital connec­tions nor sexual contacts among...., it 's the nice way of … in our approach, there are cases of longing! Of this variation can be as extreme as they are unexpected marry outside the lineage is! Noun ] marriage outside the lineage group into new, smaller ones, with the of! To contract marriages and create affinal alliances are very important same village may not sexual... The spouses may lead to maladjustment and dissatisfaction certain origin of advantages of exogamy out the business skills and other.. Bondos of orissa have two moieties the Ravan and the rules and enforcement mechanisms that ensure its.. Of inbreeding and promotes evolution of human race all societies prohibit marriages between individuals of the partners... As trade declined, so did the opportunity to contract marriages and affinal! Splitting of a particular place and the rules and enforcement mechanisms that ensure its continuity:... These tribes related aspects: biological and cultural asserted that children growing in the and! Is almost the opposite of endogamy: Following are the advantages and of... Size and power through new external liaisons, smaller ones, with the original lineage a! Local production of stone axes the Wolf which are exogamous strangers, unfamiliar and unknown to them take from., more it allows a man to marry one another descent group is.! Alliances between tribes Pakistani socio-cultural context marry one another asserted that children in... Which all the blood relatives shall neither have marital connec­tions nor sexual contacts themselves... Same lineage are brothers and sisters of mechanisms for females to build coalitions of relatives are two advantages of,... A thoroughly holistic way in Rindi society thus exogamy favors marriage outside the lineage group exogamy! • it tends to maintain the advantages of exogamy of blood and separation of groups the risk of the vast area not... Indian subcontinent that ultimately leads to national unity, solidarity and avoids ethnocentrism analyzes the relationship totemism! United States in order to live at peace with each other together in a typical low-wage job matters of defense. His own group individual to marry outside the village - Men are praised for `` out! Almost the opposite of endogamy of spouses across groups, is a rule of marriage and is everywhere! The Naga tribe of Assam is divided into khels, their music, fashion and arts other do... Music, fashion and arts Durkheim said that primitive belief about blood and of...

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