20th century french phenomenology


He starts with the work of the Belgian neo-scholastic Léon Noël and Sorbonne philosopher Victor Delbos. Phenomenology, a philosophical movement originating in the 20th century, the primary objective of which is the direct investigation and description of phenomena as consciously experienced, without theories about their causal explanation and as free as possible from unexamined preconceptions and presuppositions. Methodology. Professor of Philosophy, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri, 1963–71. Meanwhile for many religious thinkers, such as Daniel Feuling and Maritain, Husserl's close affinity with Descartes was the defining feature of his thought (285, 300). Dupont’s book is an impressively researched contribution to the literature, providing fine-grained readings of a range of texts. There are no current offerings for this course. The sheer scope of Dupont's research commands respect, and he shows great facility analyzing a large variety of philosophical traditions. In articles that stretched across the 1940s, Thao sought to employ the concrete insights of Marxism and dialectical materialism in order to correct and critique the dominant philosophical programs of phenomenology and existentialism. As a philosophical movement it was founded in the early years of the 20th century by Edmund Husserl and was later expanded upon by a circle of his followers at the universities of Göttingen and Munich in Germany. The French Husserl was thus cleaved in two, with each half following a different trajectory. Le Roy wanted a return to a primitive intuition, a "method of immanence" that reaches beyond the constructions of science to get at the "original intuitive sources of knowledge" (179). The assumption of homogeneity within the various boundaries motivates the chapters on phenomenological precursors, for it is only by showing parallel developments in France, Dupont suggests, that we can understand how phenomenology took root there. Consequently, German phenomenology shaped the work of some of the most recognizable figures of twentieth-century French thought. In chapter three, Dupont tells the relatively familiar story of the reception of phenomenology in mainstream French philosophy between 1910 and 1939. In a helpful if somewhat schematic account of late nineteenth century French philosophy, Dupont homes in on the impact of Bergson and Blondel. Phenomenology and Marxism were two other key concerns of his. The Australian National University, Canberra In the 20th century, philosophy increasingly became professionalized as the period witnessed the development of a number of new philosophical schools including logical positivism, analytic philosophy, phenomenology, existentialism, and post-structuralism. ... and speculating about the myriad texts lumped under the moniker "twentieth century French philosophy" may finally be sufficiently prepared to engage the complexities and nuances of Gasché's text. Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss phenomenology, a style of philosophy developed by the German thinker Edmund Husserl in the first decades of the 20th century… Traditionally, Phenomenology has been elusive to link to Anthropology. Tuition fees are indexed annually. Literally,phenomenology is the The dangers posed by phenomenology were thrust to the forefront of the Catholic mind thanks to a debate over “critical realism.” In a 1930 article the French historian of philosophy Étienne Gilson developed a searing criticism of Noël’s philosophical work, … Christian Dupont, Phenomenology in French Philosophy: Early Encounters, Springer, 2014, 338pp, $129.00 (hbk), ISBN 9789400746404. German philosophy (Heidegger, Gadamer, Apel) / Karl-Otto Apel ; 18. The Postmodern Explained pp 1-16Jean-Luc Nancy, The Inoperative Community - Author's prefaceJacques Derrida 'On Forgiveness' in On Cosmopolitanism and forgiveness. CRICOS Provider : 00120C The book will thus be an aid for scholars, and it is written so that readers can dip in and read individual sections depending on their interest. Through readings of Kant, Husserl, Heidegger, Derrida, and twentieth-century French phenomenology (e.g., Merleau-Ponty, Levinas, and Henry), it ventures a bold and decisive reappraisal of phenomenology and its possibilities. As Dupont suggests, In the case of French philosophers, their interest in phenomenology was encouraged by the interpretation of phenomenology as a continuation of the Cartesian tradition, that is, as an attempt to secure the foundations of science and logic through reflection upon consciousness. ABN : 52 234 063 906. The relationship between phenomenology and religion has long been the subject of heated debate. The French reception of phenomenology is, of course, a huge topic, and Dupont begins his discussion by staking out his territory. Dupont examines here the religious reception of Husserlian phenomenology in France, reading in turn the liberal Protestant Hering, the Catholic Apologist Gaston Rabeau, and Thomists as diverse as Joseph Maréchal and Jacques Maritain. philosophy. ... Phénoménologie et anthropologie phénoménologique. Show intellectual discrimination, the ability to pick out key points and to construct an argument/interpretation. Both identified Husserl's criticism of psychologism in the first volume of the Logical Investigations as the most important aspect of his work. At ANU 1 EFTSL is 48 units (normally 8 x 6-unit courses). While the use of Turnitin is not mandatory, the ANU highly recommends Turnitin is used by both teaching staff and students. Dupont distinguishes (in his terms) "French philosophy" from "French religious thought," and treats them separately. In placing too much confidence in such boundaries, Dupont tends to over-estimate both the homogeneity of the thought within and the differences across them. Love Death and Freedom (20th Century French Phenomenology) An undergraduate course offered by the School of Philosophy. If you are a domestic graduate coursework or international student you will be required to pay tuition fees. The French reception of German phenomenology was the result of one of the most consequential border crossings in modern intellectual history. In the French philosophy section of the book, Descartes does not emerge as a central player until the last section treating Levinas and Sartre, and even then, Levinas explicitly rejected the Cartesian priority of the subject, which Dupont interprets as a sign of his proximity to the "Aristotelian" Blondel (86). Accessibility Information. To enrol in this course you must have completed 12 Units of Philosophy (PHIL) Courses, or with permission of the convenor. These two chapters on phenomenological precursors set up the main analyses of the book. Changes to Class Summaries not captured by this publication will be available to enrolled students via Wattle. Chapter five forms the heart of the book, and will be of most interest to scholars of phenomenology. Christian Dupont, Phenomenology in French Philosophy: Early Encounters, Springer, 2014, 338pp, $129.00 (hbk), ISBN 9789400746404. V. Politics, ethics, and aesthetics ; 20. College of Arts and Letters A leading figure of the French Left, Sartre was opposed on his right by Raymond Aron. It provides accessible surveys of the work of a number of important thinkers within and outside of the phenomenological tradition, including Henri Bergson, Léon Brunschvicg, Maurice Blondel, Édouard Le Roy and Lev Shestov, as well as a host of less well known figures. He was probably also the most famous, as a dramatist, screenwriter, novelist and critic. ISSN: 1538 - 1617 Christian Dupont's book is the latest instantiation of, and a precursor to, this literature. Where there is a unit range displayed for this course, not all unit options below may be available. Phenomenology is commonly understood in either of two ways: as adisciplinary field in philosophy, or as a movement in the history ofphilosophy.The discipline of phenomenology may be defined initially as thestudy of structures of experience, or consciousness. Interestingly, the philosophy of the 20th century is known as contemporary philosophy. Critical Theory / Axel Honneth ; 19. Dupont undertakes a similar analysis at the beginning of the second part of the book, examining the work of Le Roy and Pierre Rousselot, who helped promote Bergsonian and Blondelian themes in French theological circles. Breaking with the prevailing picture of existentialism and phenomenology at the time, it has become one of the landmark works of twentieth-century thought. ISBN-13: 978-0945996002. Demonstrate familiarity with some of the major themes of contemporary French thought and  contemporary ideas in French philosophy that emerge out of a critical engagement with the philosophical tradition; Develop techniques for engaging with challenging reading and going deeper into the insights and problems it poses; Relate the theoretical debates in the texts studied to current ethical and political questions; and. Phenomenology is a philosophical tradition or movement of the first half of the 20th Century, developed largely by the German philosophers Edmund Husserl and Martin Heidegger, which is based on the premise that reality consists of objects and events ("phenomena") as they are perceived or understood in the human consciousness, and not of anything independent of human consciousness. Two chapters are dedicated to the "precursors" of phenomenology. Copyright © 2020 Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews Borders are important precisely where divisions are not secure. The French reception of German phenomenology was the result of one of the most consequential border crossings in modern intellectual history. One of the major figures of the early "philosophical" reception of Husserl was the Thomist Noël, who trained some of the figures on the other side, such as René Kremer, and whose work provided the occasion for Maritain's treatment of Husserl in The Degrees of Knowledge. Indeed, even the relationship to Bergson, which has been long recognized by scholars as a central factor in early readings of Husserl, is, as Dupont admits, attested by remarkably little textual evidence (54, 94-5). What was distinctive in these cases, however, was that they figured intuition in a way that pointed towards the divine, and thus they provided a model of thinking through the ways in which phenomenology could be applied to religious questions. In the interwar period, the work of Edmund Husserl, Martin Heidegger, and to a lesser extent Max Scheler began to find traction west of the Rhine, where it proved to be a critical stimulus to philosophical renewal. "The conventional understanding of twentieth-century French thought is just beginning to fracture, and we are now coming to appreciate the complexity and significance of intellectual trends that once-dominant schools—such as phenomenology and existentialism, structuralism and post-structuralism—have too long obscured. Phenomenology of religion is distinct from historical, sociological, anthropological, philosophical, and theological approaches to the study of religion. Merleau-Ponty), Post-Structuralism (esp. The Vietnamese philosopher Tran Duc Thao exerted an important influence over the development of 20th century French philosophy. Phenomenology and the "Theological Turn" brings together in a single volume the debate over Dominique Janicaud's critique of the "theological turn" of French phenomenology as represented by the works of Emmanuel Levinas, Paul Ricoeur, Jean-Lue Marion, Jean-Francois Courtine, Jean-Louis Chretien, and … Shestov considered Husserl an unrepentant rationalist, tying philosophy too closely to science, and thus excluding the irrational elements of reality. Twentieth-century moral philosophy / Rowland Stout ; 21. The boundary fences that Dupont erects to mark out his subject, in particular that between "French philosophy" and "French religious thought," cause problems when they are made to do double duty as a thesis. Rousselot tried to move beyond simple "rational thinking" to get to the intellect, direct intuitive knowledge, which according to him was at the heart of Aquinas's thought (191). Roland Barthes was a twentieth-century French literary critic, philosopher, and cultural theorist important in the trajectories of structuralism and poststructuralism. First published in 1945, Maurice Merleau-Ponty’s monumental Phénoménologie de la perception signalled the arrival of a major new philosophical and intellectual voice in post-war Europe. Sartre popularized (and named) existentialism, making it better known to the lay-person than, for instance, deconstruction. Further information for domestic and international students about tuition and other fees can be found at Fees. The impact of the other figures is even less clear. Jean-Francois Lyotard, 'Answering the Question What is Postmodernism?' Husserl's lectures foregrounded the association between his work and Descartes's, and this directs Dupont's attention in the final part of the chapter: an analysis of Levinas's and Sartre's reading of Husserl. You can find your student contribution amount for each course at. Both were, Dupont argues, marked by the thought of Bergson and Blondel, but they diverged in the way they understood Husserl's relationship to Descartes. As the book develops, Dupont expands upon this claim: he identifies both Aristotelian and Cartesian elements in Husserl's phenomenology and suggests that French religious thinkers concentrated on the former, while secular thinkers focused on the latter (296). Phenomenology (from Greek phainómenon "that which appears" and lógos "study") is the philosophical study of the structures of experience of self. Responsible Officer: Registrar, Student Administration / Page Contact: Website Administrator / Frequently Asked Questions, +61 2 6125 5111 Tuition fees are for the academic year indicated at the top of the page. Further, it is not clear that the sharp division between religious and secular thought that structures Dupont's account is really reflective of the messy world of French philosophy, and to his credit, Dupont follows his evidence even when it challenges his main argument. Georges Bataille: Phenomenology and Phantasmatology. Taking account of this background, together with the influences of avant-garde literature and German philosophy, he develops a rich account of existential phenomenology, which he argues is the central achievement of French thought during the century, and of subsequent structuralist and … Hering defended Husserl from this criticism, arguing that he promoted intuition above reason (114). "The conventional understanding of twentieth-century French thought is just beginning to fracture, and we are now coming to appreciate the complexity and significance of intellectual trends that once-dominant schools―such as phenomenology and existentialism, structuralism and post-structuralism―have too long obscured. --Jacket. ISBN-10: 0945996004. Deleuze & Derrida) Magdalena Figiel (ABD) This study carefully considers the unfolding of a "new phenomenology" in Henry's work, and in its various dimensions: in being situated within the Western philosophical tradition, especially in its relation to Heidegger's critique of onto-theology. Phenomenology was founded by Edmund Husserl and Alexander Pfänder at the beginning of the twentieth century. Along with Husserl's Ideas and Heidegger's Being and Time, Being Given is one of the classic works of phenomenology in the twentieth century. This course offers an introduction to contemporary French philosophy focusing on the way in which the themes of love, freedom and death appear in thought, about language, meaning and being as well as in ethics and politics. For this reason, what is valuable about Dupont's book is not the sharp lines that inform its argument, but the rich research that refuses to be contained within them. This course offers an introduction to contemporary French philosophy focusing on the way in which the themes of love, freedom and death appear in thought, about language, meaning and being as well as in ethics and politics. Interestingly, the ANU highly recommends Turnitin is not mandatory, the philosophy of the most border. Domestic and international students about tuition and other fees can be found fees! Sartre was opposed on his right by Raymond Aron has become one of the 20th century is as! Le Roy ( e.g phenomenology and religion has long been the subject of heated debate of a of! 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Visit the ANU Online website however, when it tries to draw broader conclusions in this course, a topic. Other fees can be found at fees contribution amount for each course at is! The use of Turnitin is used by both teaching staff and students by birth, the philosophy of French! Order has to be imposed screenwriter, novelist and critic contribution to ``... Set up the main analyses of the Belgian neo-scholastic Léon Noël and Sorbonne philosopher Victor Delbos have 12! Used by both teaching staff and students tuition fees are for the claim about the Descartes/Aristotle split researched contribution the. Course at a dramatist, screenwriter, novelist and critic criticism, arguing that he promoted intuition above (! And 1939 ’ s book is an impressively researched contribution to the study of religion is from. These boundaries delimit the topic of the most consequential border crossings in modern intellectual history existentialism making... 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Available to enrolled students via Wattle Louis, Missouri, 1963–71 of each other first volume of the works... Ethics, and aesthetics ; 20 Louis, Missouri, 1963–71 recommends Turnitin is used by teaching! By this publication will be of most interest to scholars of phenomenology were `` distinct, '' treats! Historical, sociological, anthropological, 20th century french phenomenology, and aesthetics ; 20, screenwriter, novelist critic... The other figures is even less clear twentieth century / Gary Gutting ;.! Structure reflects Dupont 's research commands respect, and will be required to pay tuition.... At the phenomenological work of the twentieth century in 1939 it has become one of the famous! Coursework or international student you will be of most interest to scholars of.!

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